Rains have become so unreliable that farmers are playing Russian roulette on when to plant crops. Parts of Africa haven’t received decent rainfall in 7 years now and farmers forced to abandon their land they have farmed for generations. Deserts are expanding faster now than any other time in our history, with the Sahara desert increased 10% in size over the last century alone.
People are forced to move and leave everything behind and move to the cities to try and get work. They make huts/shacks out of anything they can get their hands on and hope it’s strong enough to stand the test of time.
Rapid population growth and urbanisation are compounding the risk of climate change. Impoverished populations in growing cities live in crowded settlements with little or no access to basic infrastructure and are disproportionately exposed to climate risks. These informal settlements are home to millions of people and will continue to grow, largely without forward planning to deliver the health, education and basic infrastructure necessary for human well-being.
Finding work in town is never easy with unemployment rates in most Africa countries above 25%, and unconfirmed reports above 80% in Zimbabwe. Once work can’t be obtained people start to get desperate, turning to petty crime and prostitution, doing anything to make money to feed their family, some start up small business doing anything they can turn their hand too. But it is hardly enough to survive let alone build for the future.
Climate change is having a devastating effect on Africa and with the UN saying more than 2 million could die of starvation in Somalia alone in the next few months. If aid doesn’t start to flow straight away Africa could just be on the brink of a humanitarian disaster the likes we have never seen before.